21/07/2018 - NIRVANA NEWS
Batman and Robin were synonymous with teamwork, with one being a better warrior than the other. Passive and active fire protection in a different context share similar comparisons. There is never a bad time to make sure your fire protection systems are working in tangent to help save lives. There are two types of systems that you need to be mindful of – Active Fire Protection (AFP) and Passive Fire Protection (PFP).
In the event of a fire, active and passive fire protection must work together to defeat the threats caused. Just like Batman and Robin working together as a team! Similar to active and passive fire protection, both have very different qualities, however when combined nothing stands in their way.
What are the differences between active and passive fire protection?
Active Fire Protection
A collection of systems that require action in the event of a fire.
Can consist of manual systems such as a fire extinguisher or automated systems, such as a sprinkler system. Sprinkler systems and fire extinguishers are designed, at least, to slow down the spread of fire.
Smoke alarms are an early alert for when fire or smoke is detected.
Once firefighters arrive, water hoses and fire extinguishers are used to tackle and control the blaze.
Passive Fire Protection
A systematic group, which sections each building into compartments, through the use of fire barriers, walls and floors.
Intumescent and cold smoke seals stop the spread of smoke and fire around the building.
Smoke dampers are placed in the air conditioning and ventilation ducts to prevent the spread of fire and smoke through the buildings complex systems.
Fire Doors help to section the building into sections and reduce the spread of fire from compartment to compartment.
Why they need to work together?
Active and passive fire protection systems both have the shared goal to keep homes and residents safe from the hazards of fire and smoke. Active fire protection (AFP) reacts to harmful situations whereas passive (PFP) helps to prevent the danger of the fire spreading throughout a building. AFP reacts to alert the occupants and extinguish the fire, however, it may not always be completely successful due to various external factors. This shows the importance PFP plays in containing a fire and reducing the risk of growth throughout a building. To ensure a building has total fire protection PFP and AFP must work together as a dynamic duo, just like our favourite superheroes, Batman and Robin.